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Uran -- Märkte und Informationen - Seite 13 - Rohstoffe im Tagesgespräch - Goldseiten-Forum.com | Das Diskussionsboard für Edelmetalle & Rohstoffe

Uran -- Märkte und Informationen

    • Russia in the Global Hydrogen Race

      Advancing German-Russian Hydrogen Cooperation in a Strained Political Climate

      In October 2020, Russia adopted a roadmap for hydrogen development, and a full-length Hydrogen Development Concept is expected soon. Even though Russia remains somewhat sceptical about hydrogen’s much-vaunted transformative potential, it is interested in using its natural gas wealth to become a leading exporter of this new energy carrier and views Germany as a key partner in this effort. In the absence of a serious national decarbonisation agenda in Russia, stimulating hydrogen production primarily for exports and without significant domestic demand will be a challenge. Still, amid Russia’s steadily worsening political relations with the West, clean energy (and hydrogen in particular) is one of the few promising areas of cooperation betweenGermany and Russia, with the potential to become a major steppingstone for the development of hydrogen value chains in both countries.

      PDF swp comment - russia in the global hydrogen race


      New units and hydrogen production planned for Kola NPP

      Russia’s Kola NPP said on 18 June that the time frame for the construction of new units at the Kola-II NPP had been determined, with work expected to start in 2028, and the commissioning of the first unit scheduled for 2034. It is assumed that the Kola-II will be a two-unit facility with two innovative 600MWe VVER-type power units each with spectral regulation and high safety indicators.
      “The service life of the current power units at the Kola NPP ends in 2033 and 2034, and today we are faced with the question of the need to replace the retired capacities,” Kola NPP Vasily Omelchuk told an online press conference. “The decision to build the Kola-II NPP was made at the end of the last century, but was not implemented. However, a construction site was selected and preliminary surveys were carried out.”
      Kola NPP, with four VVER-440 reactors, was the first nuclear power plant to be built in the harsh climatic conditions of the Arctic. Today it transmits electricity through five power transmission lines, providing reliable power supply to the northern part of the Republic of Karelia, where most of the region's large industrial enterprises are located, as well as more than 50% of consumers on the Kola Peninsula.
      Meanwhile, it was announced that the Kola NPP will start producing hydrogen in 2023 after being selected as a pilot site for the creation of a bench test complex for the production and handling of hydrogen.
      The Kola NPP was chosen for several reasons, the main ones being a surplus of generated energy, its low cost, as well as the availability of all the necessary infrastructure and experience in the production of hydrogen in small quantities for the plant's own needs.
      “We have to create a system for handling hydrogen on an industrial scale - receiving, compressing or liquefying and transporting,” said Omelchuk. “In 2023, we must put into operation a complex with electrolysis plants with a capacity of 1MW, then it is planned to increase the capacity and productivity to 10 MW. If the technology works, then it will be reproduced throughout the Russian Federation.”

      bg bh

      Money is made in the DELTA between PERCEPTION and REALITY

      Wenn man die Freiheit nur zurückbekommt, wenn man sich Impfen lässt,
      hat man die Freiheit schon verloren.
    • selbige entwicklung in den usa

      The US Department of Energy through the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) will pilot the use of nuclear energy to produce green hydrogen.
      Bloom Energy will provide its solid oxide, high-temperature electrolyser for the project to power the electrolysis process using nuclear energy.
      When the electric grid has ample power, rather than ramping down power generation, the electricity generated by nuclear plants can be used to produce cost-effective hydrogen in support of the burgeoning hydrogen economy, according to a statement.
      The most popular process to produce green hydrogen over the past few years is the use of other renewable energy resources such wind, and as such the partnership aiming to use nuclear will be an industry’s first.
      The pilot will be conducted at the Idaho National Lab’s Dynamic Energy Testing and Integration Laboratory in Idaho where researchers will simulate steam and load following conditions as if it were already integrated with a nuclear power station. These simulations will provide the opportunity to model operations in a controlled environment. The steam supplied to the electrolysers can also be generated by the thermal energy produced by the nuclear power plant, bolstering the overall efficiency of hydrogen production further.
      Bloom Energy claims its electrolyser has a higher efficiency than low-temperature electrolyser technologies, thereby reducing the amount of electricity needed to produce hydrogen.

      Tyler Westover, Hydrogen and Thermal Systems Group lead at INL: “This expands the markets for nuclear power plants by allowing them to switch between sending power to the electrical grid and producing clean hydrogen for transportation and industry energy sectors.”
      Venkat Venkataraman, EVP and chief technology officer, Bloom Energy, adds: “We must think creatively and seek all possible low, zero, and negative carbon solutions to benefit our planet. Harnessing excess energy to produce hydrogen is a solution with a positive impact on global decarbonisation efforts and we look forward to working with the team at Idaho National Laboratory to make this a reality.
      “As a result of this pilot, we expect to establish carbon-free hydrogen generation with the highest efficiency of any electrolyzer in the market today.”
      Green hydrogen is expected to play a key role in decarbonising both the US and global economies, hence the industry has over the past two years witnessed an increasing amount of companies and governments pledging to invest massively in deployment. However, one would argue that the green hydrogen market is still in its infancy stages evidenced by the majority of the projects being pilots and investments being directed towards research and development and infrastructure preparedness.
      This May, the DoE announced that it will provide some eight university-led projects with nearly $6.2 million in federal funding for research and development projects aimed at advancing hydrogen. Secretary of Energy Jennifer M. Granholm said hydrogen will help the US to meet its goal of becoming producing 100% of its electricity from clean sources by 2035.
      She said: “Our economic competitors are getting serious about harnessing carbon emissions free power from hydrogen, and so the US must as well.
      The projects will address fundamental scientific challenges and applied engineering issues associated with advancing the performance and efficiency of combustion turbines fueled with pure hydrogen, hydrogen and natural gas mixtures, and other carbon-free hydrogen containing fuels.
      Money is made in the DELTA between PERCEPTION and REALITY

      Wenn man die Freiheit nur zurückbekommt, wenn man sich Impfen lässt,
      hat man die Freiheit schon verloren.
    • frankreich

      "To make hydrogen by electrolysis" France would require "the equivalent of four nuclear power stations dedicated solely to the production of electricity." [Alexander Kirch/Shutterstock]

      Les modes de production de l’hydrogène - Wege zur Erzeugung von Wasserstoff



      To produce low-carbon hydrogen on a global scale, 400 1GW nuclear reactors would be needed, according to a report published by the French parliamentary office for the evaluation of scientific and technological choices (OPECST). France report.
      These days, 99% of hydrogen is produced by inexpensive but carbon-intensive fossil fuels. The cleaner alternative of low-carbon hydrogen involves the use of electrolysis, which includes renewable energy sources or nuclear reactors.
      When it comes to nuclear power, OPECST is clear. “The path towards low-carbon hydrogen from nuclear electricity would represent 400 new 1 GW nuclear reactors [on a global scale],” according to the report published on Tuesday (18 May).
      Especially when several countries, including France, “are reducing the share of nuclear power in their energy mix” such a path would be “chimerical”, the report added.

      According to OPECST’s calculations, to make hydrogen by electrolysis, France would require “the equivalent of four nuclear power stations dedicated solely to the production of electricity.”

      “Hydrogen production represents 2% of French anthropogenic CO2 production,” said OPECST vice-president Gérard Longuet, who described traditional hydrogen production as “unbearable”.

      Longuet, along with Ecology Democracy Solidarity MP and mathematician Cédric Villani, believe France will not be able to do without nuclear energy to develop its production of hydrogen and limit greenhouse gas emissions.
      The two are, however, confident France will have to supplement this with other forms of electricity, such as that from renewable energy sources.
      But “renewable energy alone will not be able to take over the entirety of the hydrogen production conditions today, which are not satisfactory”, Longuet added.
      In 2020, nuclear represented 78% of electricity production in France. The share of renewables in total energy consumption in France stood at 19.1%, well below the country’s 23% target, which was set at EU level in 2009.
      According to Longuet and Villani, those benefitting from nuclear electricity “should be treated like [those benefiting] from decarbonisation in terms of taxation. The EU should not penalise this nuclear electricity.”

      A tug of war between France and the EU

      The tug of war between France and the EU over nuclear power, and clean energy in general, is not new. In July of last year, the European Parliament launched its draft resolution on the European Commission’s hydrogen strategy, which advocates for the use of low-carbon hydrogen in the short and medium-term.
      More recently, on 22 March, the Parliament’s industry and energy committee adopted a resolution supporting the production of hydrogen from low-carbon energy sources, which fails to mention the term nuclear power.
      On 21 April, on the eve of the climate summit organised by US President Joe Biden, the EU revised its climate ambitions as part of the “Fit for 55” package, according to which European Commission President Ursula Von der Leyen is set to announce in July that the share of renewable energies in the EU will be at least 38%.
      This will prove to be quite the headache for France, which will have to combine several modes of hydrogen production, mainly linked to electrolysis, while simultaneously limiting CO2 emissions.

      bg bh
      Money is made in the DELTA between PERCEPTION and REALITY

      Wenn man die Freiheit nur zurückbekommt, wenn man sich Impfen lässt,
      hat man die Freiheit schon verloren.
    • hier ein nicht uninterresantes "paper"!

      Hydrogen Production by Nuclear Heat [pdf download)

      A major shift in the way the world obtains energy is on the horizon. For a new energy carrier to enter the market, several objectives must be met. New energy carriers must meet increasing production needs, reduce global pollution emissions, be distributed for availability worldwide, be produced and used safely, and be economically sustainable during all phases of the carrier lifecycle. Many believe that hydrogen will overtake electricity as the preferred energy carrier. Hydrogen can be burned cleanly and may be used to produce electricity via fuel cells. Its use could drastically reduce global CO2 emissions. However, as an energy carrier, hydrogen is produced with input energy from other sources. Conventional hydrogen production methods are costly and most produce carbon dioxide, therefore, negating many of the benefits of using hydrogen. With growing concerns about global pollution, alternatives to fossil-based hydrogen production are being developed around the world. Nuclear energy offers unique benefits for near-term and economically viable production of hydrogen. Three candidate technologies, all nuclear-based, are examined. These include: advanced electrolysis of water, steam reforming of methane, and the sulfur-iodine thermochemical water-splitting cycle. The underlying technology of each process, advantages and disadvantages, current status, and production cost estimates are given. KEYWORDS: hydrogen, sulfur, iodine, steam reforming, electrolysis, cost, nuclear, HTGR ∗ Leanne M. Crosbie, Tel. 703-510-0200, Fax. 703-519-0224, E-Mail: lcrosbie@mpr.comI. The Energy Carrier of the FutureResearch and development is constantly underway to create the next generation energy technology. It is impossible to know what the future holds, but future energy technology must certainly possess the following characteristics: • Since energy needs will continue to increase, the new technology must be expandable, • Future energy sources must be environmentally sound – “green energy” will become an increasingly important motivator, • The distribution of energy must be effective and allow for expansion to improve the standard of living around the world, • Energy production, transmission and use must be safe (both secure from outside threats and with a low risk to health and safety), • The energy technology must be economical. The last major shift in the energy market occurred with the introduction of electricity. Over the last century, electricity has satisfied each of the above criteria. It is expandable. It is an environmental improvement over the direct use of fossil fuels. Its transmission over the grids is robust and expansive. It is easy to use safely. And electricity is affordable. But as energy needs continue to increase, new solutions will need to be added to those offered by electricity. With these factors in mind, many believe that hydrogen is poised to be the next big revolution in the energy market. This paper considers several options for the production phase of this energy medium. The collection, transmission, and end-uses of hydrogen are not discussed. Specifically, the potential of three hydrogen production processes under development for the industrial production of hydrogen using nuclear energy are compared and evaluated. These are: • Advanced Electrolysis, • Steam reforming, and the • Sulfur-Iodine water splitting cycle. Water electrolysis and steam reforming of methane are proven and are used extensively for the production of hydrogen today. The Sulfur-Iodine cycle, a thermochemical water splitting process, is of particular interest because it produces hydrogen efficiently with no CO2 byproduct. The purpose of this paper is to familiarize the reader with the current status of nuclear-based hydrogen production, and to speculate as to which of these processes is the best candidate technology that will start the age of the “hydrogen economy,” which many experts agree is on the horizon.

      vollständig als pdf zum download einfach den titel anklicken.

      bg bh
      Money is made in the DELTA between PERCEPTION and REALITY

      Wenn man die Freiheit nur zurückbekommt, wenn man sich Impfen lässt,
      hat man die Freiheit schon verloren.
    • wenn es euch zu viel "info" - ist bitte sagen dann schraub ich meine posts ein wenig zurück, möchte ja nicht den thread "zuspammen".

      ich beschäftige mich derzeit, mit der wenigen zeit die ich über habe, nun vermehrt mit der geplanten "net zero" politik und den damit verbundenen, weiteren investitionsmöglichkeiten.

      bg bh
      Money is made in the DELTA between PERCEPTION and REALITY

      Wenn man die Freiheit nur zurückbekommt, wenn man sich Impfen lässt,
      hat man die Freiheit schon verloren.
    • Blue Horseshoe schrieb:

      ich beschäftige mich derzeit, mit der wenigen zeit die ich über habe, nun vermehrt mit der geplanten "net zero" politik und den damit verbundenen, weiteren investitionsmöglichkeiten.
      wie wärs mit nem eigen fred zum thema karmafreie und klimärneutrale aktien investments?
      würd ich jut finden...
      dann aber bitte hier posten [smilie_blume]
      Die Angst vor dem Tod, ist der erste Schritt in die Sklaverei

      Niemand ist mehr Sklave, als der sich für frei hält, ohne es zu sein.

      Das Volk kann immer zum Gebot der Führer gebracht werden. Das ist einfach. Alles, was Sie tun müssen, ist ihnen zu sagen, dass sie angegriffen werden, und die Pazifisten wegen mangelnden Patriotismus anzuprangern und das Land der Gefahr auszusetzen.
    • Blue Horseshoe schrieb:

      Advanced Reactors: Turning the Corner

      The next generation of nuclear reactors, collectively called “advanced reactors,” are making substantial progress towards commercialization and are poised to offer new tools to provide clean energy. These advanced reactors are an evolution of either today’s dominant reactor technology, light water reactors (LWRs), or non-LWR designs that have operated on an experimental and limited commercial basis since the 1960s but were never widely deployed.1
      Today is a watershed moment in the advanced reactor space, with more than 30 commercial scale demonstrations of different designs in progress across the globe. These designs cut across technologies, sizes, and target applications. The timelines for these projects show that advanced nuclear energy can be operational in time to address the climate challenge, with commercial demonstrations in the 2020s, and then cost-reduction and large-scale rollout in the 2030s. These reactors are designed for mass production and to reduce construction risk through modularity, simplification of design, and a high-level of manufactured content. With shorter construction timeframes and lower construction risk, advanced reactors could quickly achieve cost reductions through technological learning.

      The interactive map below shows the technology types, locations, and estimated completion dates of projects underway globally. Details can also be viewed in this chart.
      United States
      Last year marked monumental progress for advanced reactors across the United States. In May 2020, the Department of Energy (DOE) launched its Advanced Reactor Demonstration Program (ARDP) which as of FY2021 has awarded $480 million in appropriated funding for advanced reactor projects. The program has three different development and demonstration pathways:
      The Advanced Reactor Concepts 2020 (ARC 20) awards are an additional pathway supported by DOE to advance designs with potential to commercialize in the mid-2030s. The awardees are ARC Clean Energy which is developing a seismically isolated advanced sodium-cooled reactor; General Atomics for its 50 MWe fast modular reactor conceptual design; and a Massachusetts Institute of Technology group working on a horizontal HTGR concept. DOE is expected to invest $56 million over four years.
      Congress also passed the Energy Act of 2020, tucked in the end-of-year omnibus bill, which included a monumental $6.6 billion in authorized funding for advanced nuclear energy. The bill authorized not only ARDP funding for the next five years, but also a program to support the commercial availability of domestic High-Assay Low-Enriched Uranium (HALEU), which is used in the composition of fuel for most advanced reactors and is necessary for large-scale deployment. Furthermore, the Energy Act of 2020 authorized programs focused on nuclear integrated energy systems, which are important to demonstrate nuclear technologies for non-electric applications such as hydrogen production, process heat, or desalination. While Congress will still need to appropriate funds toward these programs, the authorizations provide useful direction for DOE and a strong signal that advanced reactors are a bipartisan priority on Capitol Hill.
      Key elements of the funding authorized for advanced nuclear in the Energy Act of 2020 are summarized below:

      So far, multiple ARDP awardees have announced demonstration sites in Richland, Washington; Oak Ridge, Tennessee; at a retiring coal plant in Wyoming; and at the Idaho National Laboratory.
      In parallel to commercial demonstrations, the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) is pursuing Project Pele, which has the objective to design, build, and demonstrate a prototype mobile nuclear reactor by 2024. In March 2021, DoD announced it had selected BWX Technologies, Inc. and X-energy to complete the final design for their mobile nuclear reactor prototypes. After completing their final design in 2022, DoD may select one company to build their prototype and anticipates full power testing of the reactor by the end of 2023, and outdoor mobile testing at a DOE installation in 2024.
      There were also significant advanced reactor licensing milestones in 2020. NuScale is working with the Utah Associated Municipal Power Systems (UAMPS) on the Carbon Free Power Project (CFPP) and received the first design certification for a small modular reactor (SMR) from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in August 2020. The CFPP will be located at the Idaho National Lab (INL) and is expected to start operation in 2029. In 2020, DOE awarded up to $1.4 billion to support development of the project.
      Oklo also submitted the first combined license application for an advanced reactor to the NRC. Oklo’s Aurora Powerhouse, a microreactor non-LWR design, is also to be constructed at the INL site and is expected to come online between 2023 and 2025.


    • Sustainable Recovery Tracker


      In response to the Covid-19 pandemic and the ensuing economic crisis,
      governments worldwide have mobilised an unprecedented amount of fiscal
      support aimed at stabilising and rebuilding their economies – over USD
      16 trillion, based on the latest International Monetary Fund (IMF)

      Many countries have identified clean energy measures as a priority
      within their fiscal support measures. The IEA Sustainable Recovery Plan,
      developed in 2020 in collaboration with the IMF, estimated that if
      governments mobilised USD 1 trillion in clean energy investments each
      year from 2021-2023, they would boost the global economy, create
      millions of jobs and put emissions onto a Paris-compliant trajectory.

      The new IEA Sustainable Recovery Tracker measures global recovery plans against this target level of spending by:

      - Monitoring energy-related policies and government spending on clean
      energy measures by country and by sector in the wake of the pandemic
      - Evaluating the actual impact on total public and private recovery spending on clean energy measures.
      - Projecting the effect on global CO2 emissions trends.
      The Tracker relies on new, extensive policy analysis conducted by the
      IEA, including new modelling to estimate how much government spending
      mobilises private sector participation by region and measure type. Read
      more about this new methodology.

      The Tracker will be updated periodically to provide up-to-date
      assessments of how recovery plans are affecting clean energy investments
      and global emissions.


      Governments have mobilised USD 380 billion in clean energy investment to date

      As of the second quarter of 2021, over USD 16 trillion has been mobilised in fiscal support aimed at stabilising and rebuilding economies around the world. This spending is mostly in the 50 largest economies, predominately G20 countries. The measures have focused on emergency health needs and near-term economic relief for companies and households.
      Of this fiscal support, around USD 2.3 trillion is going toward economic recovery, defined as long-term projects and measures to boost growth. Government spending on clean energy measures considered in the Sustainable Recovery Tracker falls in this category. Within that total, about USD 380 billion is being directed to energy-related sustainable recovery measures, as set out in the IEA Sustainable Recovery Plan.

      We assess that around two-thirds of the 380 USD billion will be administered by 2023 – an annual average of USD 84 billion in public spending going to clean energy. Almost all of the remaining government spending committed will be deployed before 2030, averaging around USD 18 billion annually to 2030.

      auch interresant daraus

      Key sectors and policy types in current recovery packages

      Money is made in the DELTA between PERCEPTION and REALITY

      Wenn man die Freiheit nur zurückbekommt, wenn man sich Impfen lässt,
      hat man die Freiheit schon verloren.
    • fabio schrieb:

      SMR-2021, Linglong One (ACP100) – nukeKlaus.net

      Im Juli Baustart des ersten landgestützten Small Modular Reactors (SMR - 125 MWel pro Reaktor) ...
      2016 durch die IAEA zugelassen ...
      geplante Bauzeit 58 Monate ...
      Fabrikfertigung und einfach transportabel (Länge mal Breite ca. 12m x 4m, 300 t Gewicht)



      Dieser Beitrag wurde bereits 1 mal editiert, zuletzt von Popeye82 ()

    • hui-buh schrieb:

      Blue Horseshoe schrieb:

      ich beschäftige mich derzeit, mit der wenigen zeit die ich über habe, nun vermehrt mit der geplanten "net zero" politik und den damit verbundenen, weiteren investitionsmöglichkeiten.
      wie wärs mit nem eigen fred zum thema karmafreie und klimärneutrale aktien investments?würd ich jut finden...
      dann aber bitte hier posten [smilie_blume]

      @Blue Horseshoe, hui-buh, und "Alle Die es betrifft" :

      Ich würde Das ABSOLUT unterstützen (und würde vermutlich auch "teils mitmachen", beitragen),

      habe aber absolut nicht vor -falls es sowas "geben würde"- sich in Irgendwelchen Grösseren Meinungsverschiedenheiten(also nicht ausschliesslich, aber falls Das jetzt "Gewisse Glaubenskriege" nach sich ziehen "würde")

      Finde Das "grds" Eine SUPER Idee, aber letztlich müsst Ihr entscheiden wie damit weiterverfahren.
    • The Kashiwazaki-Kariwa nuclear power plant in Japan's Niigata Prefecture will not be restarted until fiscal 2022 (ending March 2023) at the earliest, Tokyo Electric Power Company (Tepco) said in a revised business plan. The company submitted the plan yesterday to the government for approval. Tepco is awaiting regulatory approval to restart units 6 and 7 at the plant.

      Tepco's revised business plan also says the company will aim to resume construction of the Higashidori nuclear power plant - comprising two 1385 MWe Advanced Boiling Water Reactors - in Aomori prefecture.


      Italians do not rule out future use of nuclear energy

      One-third of Italians are in favour of reconsidering the use of nuclear energy in the country, according to the results of a public opinion poll conducted on behalf of Comitato Nucleare e Ragione. More than half of respondents said they would not exclude the future use of new advanced nuclear technologies.

      The survey, conducted by polling firm SWG, questioned 800 adults between 16 and 18 June.
      According to the results, 33% of respondents said they supported the use of nuclear energy in Italy, a similar proportion to a survey conducted in 2011. Men and young people were found to be most in favour.
      "This is, after all, a remarkable result, given that the issue has been completely excluded from the political debate in recent years," said Comitato Nucleare e Ragione.
      The main reasons given for supporting nuclear energy include: improved safety of new technologies; potential contribution to Italy's energy security; and low carbon emissions. Those opposing nuclear power mainly had concerns about radioactive waste management and the possibility of accidents at nuclear plants.
      When asked about the use of new reactor designs, 56% of respondents said they would not exclude the use of new nuclear technologies, with 7% saying they are "absolutely necessary" and 22% saying they are "promising and should be considered." 28% of respondents said new technologies should be rejected.
      More than half (53%) of respondents did not favour the European Commission including nuclear energy in the sustainable finance taxonomy, with 30% supporting its inclusion.
      In response to being asked how informed they were about nuclear energy, only 6% of respondents said they were well-informed, with 35% saying they had sufficient knowledge. The remainder said they were little or not at all informed.


      US-based nuclear technology developer NuScale Power announced on Thursday that South Korea’s Samsung C&T Corporation has committed to make an equity investment in NuScale to support deployment of its small modular reactor.

      Samsung C&T and NuScale’s lead engineering, construction and procurement partner, Fluor Corporation, are also developing a business collaboration agreement to expand capabilities for future deployment of NuScale projects.

      Under its agreements with NuScale and Fluor, Samsung C&T will draw upon its nuclear construction experience with the Barakah nuclear station in the United Arab Emirates and the Uljin station in South Korea, where it worked on Units 5 and 6, to serve as a partner to Fluor and other potential project participants.

      John Hopkins, NuScale Power chairman and chief executive officer, said Samsung C&T’s expertise and investment in NuScale will be invaluable “as we seek to bring this revolutionary clean energy technology to market”.
      Earlier this month, South Korea’s Doosan Heavy Industries and Construction signed an agreement with NuScale Power to invest an additional $60m to continue to support deployment of NuScale’s SMR. The investment followed a $44m investment in NuScale Power in 2019 for a total investment of $104m. IHI Corporation of Japan is also investing $20m into NuScale.
      In August 2020, NuScale made history as the first and only SMR to receive design approval from the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
      The first project NuScale Power project is expected to be the development and construction of NuScale SMRs at the Department of Energy’s 2,300 sq km site in eastern Idaho that includes the Idaho National Laboratory.
      Utah Associated Municipal Power Systems (UAMPS), the Utah cooperative for which the plants are being built, is scheduled to submit a construction licence application in 2023, and is aiming to start commercial operation of the first module in 2029.
      NuScale’s SMR has a maximum of 12 modules of 77 MW each. After building its first unit in the US, NuScale Power plans to sell the technology in North America, Europe and Asia.
      Money is made in the DELTA between PERCEPTION and REALITY

      Wenn man die Freiheit nur zurückbekommt, wenn man sich Impfen lässt,
      hat man die Freiheit schon verloren.
    • Neu

      uk energy system modelling:
      net zero 2050
      nuclear deployement scenarios to support assessment of future furl cycles


      1.2. Nuclear deployment scenarios
      The four nuclear deployment scenarios, plus a reference scenario of no nuclear, are shown in Table 1.
      Figure 1 to Figure 4 show further detail on the scenarios including deployment profiles between 2020
      and 2050. These scenarios show that there is a potential role for nuclear in meeting UK Net Zero
      requirements, ranging from 14 GWe to over 60 GWe installed capacity with a range of applications
      and nuclear technologies. It is therefore essential to consider the fuel cycle implications associated
      with the deployment of Gen III+, LWSMR and Gen IV (AMR) reactor systems. In addition, the potential
      for over 60 GWe deployment necessitates the requirement to consider sustainable advanced fuel
      cycles ensuring best use of valuable material and considering impacts on repository designs.
      In addition, based on the projected demand for low-cost hydrogen and clean synthetic fuels
      further ESME modelling was performed on a future hydrogen market and a cost sensitivity analysis
      performed. This included a ‘gigafactory’ concept to produce high-volume low-cost hydrogen, a
      scenario based on this low-cost hydrogen supply is called Greater Nuclear Ambition; again, if such
      a concept were to be deployed in the UK the associated fuel cycle would need to be carefully
      considered given the significant scale of deployment. Table 2 sets out some initial assumptions and
      open questions around the fuel types and fuel cycle for three scenarios.

      bg bh
      Money is made in the DELTA between PERCEPTION and REALITY

      Wenn man die Freiheit nur zurückbekommt, wenn man sich Impfen lässt,
      hat man die Freiheit schon verloren.
    • Neu


      Policy paper Nuclear Sector Deal
      A Sector Deal between government and the nuclear industry.

      This Sector Deal builds on the government’s historical partnership with the UK nuclear sector.
      It ensure that the UK’s nuclear sector remains cost competitive with other forms of low-carbon technologies to support our Clean Growth Strategy and Grand Challenge. Through adopting new construction techniques and innovative approaches to manufacturing, the deal will reduce the costs of building new reactors in a way that builds domestic supply chain capability and skills.

      Money is made in the DELTA between PERCEPTION and REALITY

      Wenn man die Freiheit nur zurückbekommt, wenn man sich Impfen lässt,
      hat man die Freiheit schon verloren.
    • Neu


      The revised energy plan is in line with Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga’s pledge to hit net-zero emissions by 2050. It’s also become increasingly cost effective to shift to cleaner sources of energy, with the share of renewable power in Japan nearly doubling over the last decade due to strong government support for solar and a steeper-than-expected decline in costs.
      However, it isn’t clear whether the island nation-- the world’s fifth-biggest polluter -- will be able to meet the new targets. Under the new plan, Japan will need to install solar panels on millions of buildings, shut dozens of coal-fired power plants and restart nearly all of its existing nuclear reactors.

      Here is Japan’s revised energy mix, according to the draft from the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry:
      EnergyFY2030 (Revised)FY2030 (Previous)FY2019

      Earlier this year, Japan strengthened its 2030 Paris Agreement goals, raising its target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 46% by 2030 from 2013 levels, up from its previous aim of 26%.
      The shift will mean that Japan, the world’s top LNG importer that pioneered the industry from the 1960s, will require far less fuel in 2030 than its previous plan, posing a potential dilemma for its suppliers from Qatar to Australia to the U.S.

      The amount of energy produced from nuclear power is set to remain unchanged from the previous plan. Japan will require 27 of its remaining 36 reactors to resume operations. Only 10 units have started so far under safety rules enacted after the 2011 Fukushima disaster and ensuing public opposition.


      ich bleibe bei einem meiner vorherigen posts, wenn japan das net zero als industrienation stemmen will, langen die restarts nicht aus, dann müssen sie auch neubauten bis 2050 ins auge fassen.
      politisch ist es natürlich der weg des geringesten wiederstandes erstmeinmal die alten kraftwerke zu reaktivieren.

      bg bh
      Money is made in the DELTA between PERCEPTION and REALITY

      Wenn man die Freiheit nur zurückbekommt, wenn man sich Impfen lässt,
      hat man die Freiheit schon verloren.
    • Neu

      Blue Horseshoe schrieb:

      6. japan`s muss die reactoren wieder hochfahren und sogar neue bauen wenn sie die pariser klimaschutzziele erreichen wollen bis 2030(soweit ich gelesen habe rangiert die zahl zwischen 25 bis 35 reaktoren)
      Since Japan pledged in October to become carbon neutral by 2050, many among the advisory group have reached the same conclusion. To meet its global climate commitments, the country will need to restart almost every nuclear reactor it shuttered in the aftermath of the 2011 meltdowns, and then build more.

      “We had better hurry and rebuild trust in nuclear power,” said Masakazu Toyoda, a member of the 24-strong government panel that’s devising new policies. “This is a matter of energy security.”

      Japan must have 27 of its remaining 36 reactors online by 2030 to hit its obligations under the Paris climate accord, according to Toyoda. Other estimates put that figure at closer to 30. So far, only 9 units have been fired back up since a program of restarts began in 2015.

      Nuclear now accounts for about 6% of Japan’s energy mix, down from roughly 30% of the Fukushima disaster. In the immediate aftermath, Japan closed all its 54 reactors, around a third of which were permanently scrapped.

      Yet some 39% of Japanese people want all nuclear plants closed, according to a February survey. Many local, prefecture-level governments—which must sign off on reactor restart plans—have been reluctant to wave through approvals, while courts have supported requests to temporarily shut some operating reactors.
      That opposition is problematic for a Japanese government that’s promised to lower emissions 26% by 2030 from 2013 levels under its Paris commitments, and is slated to review those targets this year and potentially make them stricter. “Japan will change its attitude toward nuclear builds somewhere on the road toward net-zero emissions,” said Frank Yu, an analyst at Wood Mackenzie.

      Meeting the Paris goals alone will need Japan, the world’s fifth-largest greenhouse gas emitter, to hit an existing target for nuclear power to make up 20% to 22% of its energy mix by 2030. The more ambitious pledge for 2050 may require atomic power to claim an even greater share.
      “Utilizing a certain amount of nuclear will be necessary for Japan to become carbon neutral,” Tomoaki Kobayakawa, president of Tokyo Electric Power Co. Holdings Inc., owner of the crippled Fukushima plant, said in an interview.

      “No one believes the 2030 goal is attainable,” said Takeo Kikkawa, a professor at International University of Japan and a member of the panel who’s skeptical on the prospects for nuclear energy. “The industry doesn’t believe it is possible, but they won’t admit it.” Nuclear is likely to account for 15% of Japan’s energy, at most, in 2030, he says.
      So far, utilities have applied to restart 27 reactors—25 of which are operable, while 2 are currently under construction. Toyoda says that, at the very least, those 27 units must be online if there is a chance to hit the 2030 goal.
      In December, the economy ministry said nuclear energy and thermal facilities with carbon capture and storage technology may represent 30% to 40% of combined power generation in 2050, without offering specific details.

      bg bh
      Money is made in the DELTA between PERCEPTION and REALITY

      Wenn man die Freiheit nur zurückbekommt, wenn man sich Impfen lässt,
      hat man die Freiheit schon verloren.